Understanding Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity
For those with type 2 diabetes or those wanting to learn more about type 2 diabetes, it is important to learn how weight and diabetes correlate.
In this article, I will discuss what diabetes is, the symptoms of diabetes, how obesity is linked with diabetes, and what you can do to prevent diabetes.
Once you understand the concepts in this article, I have no doubt that you will be more prepared and more well equipped to deal with diabetes and prevent it.
To understand how weight and diabetes are linked, you first need to learn what diabetes is and how it changes the way your body functions. Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus in the scientific community, is a group of metabolic diseases in which the body is unable to use or produce enough insulin to process sugar in the blood.
This high level of sugar in the blood can cause frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If diabetes is left untreated, it can results in serious health problems like hypoglycemia, coma, ketoacidosis, renal failure, cardiovascular disease, and blindness.
There are two types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Think of type 1 as individuals whose body’s are unable to use insulin whereas people with type 2 do not produce enough insulin. For the purposes of this article, I will focus on type 2 because it is highly dependent on weight whereas type 1 is not.
As you may have learned, type 2 diabetes is primarily due to lifestyle factors such as eating habits and exercise habits. There is no cure as of yet, but blood sugar levels can be managed with diet, exercise, and medication.
And while there is no concrete answer for why obesity and type 2 diabetes are so closely linked, researchers have suggested that a hormone produced by fat cells called resistin limits the body’s ability to produce insulin.
Now that you know what diabetes is, and how it may be linked to diabetes, it is important to understand how you can prevent it. Simply put, exercising more and watching what you eat will make a significant impact on your health and your chance of developing diabetes. Ideally, you should be getting moderate to high intensity exercise at least 3 times a week, and be maintaining a healthy weight.
If you are sedentary or get little physical activity now, you can drastically improve your lifestyle by starting a weight training and cardiovascular program. If you are new to exercising, consider hiring a personal trainer to get you started. Once you find the motivation and the will to be healthier, you will start to enjoy working out.
As for your nutrition, make sure you are getting the recommended amount of calories each day (for weight loss or weight maintenance). You diet should consist of protein, complex carbohydrates, and heart healthy fats. Avoid processed and premade meals and stick to natural ingredients and foods.
Hopefully this article has helped you understand that diabetes and obesity are closely related, and making simple change in your diet and exercise program can help you avoid this disease!